Situation Makes Children Get Sleep Apnea? Get to know them in Relation
to the various Causes and Types
is the usual type of sleep apnea observed in children?
Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome is the common type that is observed in
children. Upper airway obstruction occurs repetitively during sleep.
is the main characteristics of obstructive sleep Apnoea. Most of the children
grow with this problem and it is not diagonised if it is a minor one.
It leads to behavioral and attention problems for the children during
be the Causes of sleep apnea?
tonsils and adenoids cause Obstructive sleep apnea in children.
2. Down syndromes: Chromosomal abnormality like down syndrome may also
cause sleep apnea. Down syndorme is characterised by enlarged tonisl ,
adenoids, large tongue, narrow nasopharynx and low muscle tone.
3. Craniofacial Syndromes: Nose, mouth and jaws will have unusual facial
features in children affected by Craniofacial Syndromes. This also causes
any conditions associated with sleep apnea?
conditions are associated with sleep apnea:
1. Life Threatening
Events: A combination of change in color, muscle tone, gagging, choking
may be combined with sleep apnea which might turn out to be life threatening.
2. Apnea of Prematurity: this type of apnea is caused in children who
have under developed brain and respiratory systems. This is found mostly
in premature babies. This type of apea could be obstructive, central or
a mixed one.
3. Apnea of Infancy: This type of apnea is caused in children before they
are one years old. This would occur to the children who are born after
a full term of pregnancy.
the symptoms of sleep apnea in children?
Some of the
common types of symptoms that are observed in children who have sleep
Sleepiness during daytime which might be in excess
Snoring during sleep
Breathing through mouth and gasping for breathe
High blood pressure
Unusual position during sleep
Respiratory infections that might occur frequently
Changes in personality
Enlarged tonsils and adenoids
Behavioral and attention problems during daytime
Congestive heart failure in some severe cases
Difficulty to concentrate in their studies in school
of interpersonal skills
on the age of the child the symptoms might vary. These problems can be
seen in early infancy in some cases. Throat and nose might get blocked
due to obstructive apnea. Due to this they will find it difficult to eat.
Eating might be painful for such children. Hence such children might be
Sleep Apnea treated?
C-PAP (Continuous positive airway pressure) Obstructive
and central sleep apnea are treated using this device. This is a mask
that is covered on the nose so that air at predetermined pressue is supplied.
This keeps the airways open so that the patient breathes easily. This
device is mostly used in the night when the patient might feel the difficulties
positive airway pressure as the name indicated there are two levels
of pressure used in this method. One pressure (high pressure) is used
during inhaling and the other pressure (low pressure) is used during exhaling.
The patients breathing is monitored with an electronic circuit.
is used to remove the tonsils, the polyps and the adenoids. This would
solve the probem in children.
Tracheostomy In this method a tube with valve is
inserted in the neck through an incision. During night time the valve
is opened to breathe and during day time it is closed. This valve bypasses
the blocked path during night and enables the patient to breathe properly.
Mandibular advancement surgery in this method the
jaws are moved or positioned in such a manner that it give more space
between the tongue and the soft palate. This helps in free flow of air.
Uvulopalatoplasty the back of the throat has soft
tissue called palates. These are removed and the air pathway is increased.
Snoring is reduced with this method. However apnea is not cured completely
since the deeper tissues are not removed.